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Regulations & Resources

Does EPA Recommend Test Kits For Paint, Dust, Or Soil Testing?

No. EPA does not currently recommend home test kits to detect lead in paint, dust, or soil. Studies show that these kits are not reliable enough to tell the difference between high and low levels of lead. At this time, the kits are not recommended for testing performed by either homeowners or certified lead-based paint professionals.


The RRP law requires contractors to have painted surfaces tested BEFORE beginning a project, where paint will be disturbed, or must assume it contains lead.

As of April 22, 2010, any company performing renovation, repair and painting projects that disturb painted surfaces in residences, child care facilities, and schools built before 1978 must be EPA RRP certified and must follow specific “lead safe work practices” to prevent lead contamination.

The EPA RRP rule applies when more than 6 square feet of painted surfaces per room, or 20 square feet of exterior painted surfaces will be “disturbed”. If the paint tests negative, the RRP rule no longer applies.

Individual property owners and landlords performing renovations or repairs on pre-1978 housing are also required to become Lead Certified Renovators to be in compliance with the RRP law.

Learn More About Lead

EPA Lead Information

Child Hood Lead Prevention Branch

EPA Learn About Lead

Renovation Repair and Painting RRP Rule

California Department Of Public Health Regulations

OSHA Lead Standards

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